"Sensorless" (passive) sensing is an adaptive approach that repurposes data from existing devices or data extracted from sensors embedded in everyday objects to passively measure stress, and performance.
AI-enbled multimodal stress sensing: Combining biochemical (cortisol) sensors with biomechanical passive stress sensors. [NSF - SenSE]
Biomechanical stress sensing: https://doi.org/10.1145/2556288.2557243
Clinical Stress: Use PC mouse to detect stress and predict burnout among clinical workers.
Mentaid: Cortisol Stress Sensing. Studying the best locations for skin-like sensors for cortisol detection from sweat.
Fast & Furious: Turning the car into an affective sensor.
Stress Tracker - Detecting acute stress with a trackpad.
Moustress - https://doi.org/10.1145/2556288.2557243